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Ingeniería e Investigación

Print version ISSN 0120-5609

Abstract

FERIA-DIAZ, Jhon J; POLO-CORRALES, Liliana  and  HERNANDEZ-RAMOS, Elvis J. Evaluation of coagulation sludge from raw water treated with Moringa oleifera for agricultural use. Ing. Investig. [online]. 2016, vol.36, n.2, pp.14-20. ISSN 0120-5609.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/ing.investig.v36n2.56986.

Coagulation-flocculation is a physical-chemical process responsible for producing the largest amount of sludge in the purification of natural raw water. Conventionally, aluminum sulfate or alum has been used as a coagulant. However, disposal of the sludge produced has been problematic for the environment due to excess aluminum. Currently, the convenience of using natural coagulants such as seed extracts from Moringa oleifera (MO) is being studied, although, the properties of sewage sludge produced and its possible reuse are unknown. In this paper the physical-chemical, nutritional and dangerous characteristics from MO sludge were evaluated by using standard methods to verify its potential use in agricultural soils. Results indicated that pH, electrical conductivity, ion exchange capacity, organic matter and micronutrients from sludge were suitable for application to soils with agricultural potential; but deficiency of macronutrients and presence of fecal coliforms limits it to be used as soil improver and not as fertilizer. Sludge stabilization with hydrated lime at doses greater than or equal to 3 % was effective to ensure the elimination of pathogenic microorganisms and to obtain a Class A sludge, unrestricted for agricultural use and suitable for acid soils.

Keywords : Agricultural soil; Moringa oleifera; reuse; sludge.

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