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Ingeniería e Investigación

Print version ISSN 0120-5609

Abstract

GARCIA-LAMONT, F; CUEVAS, A  and  NINO, Y. Segmentation of color images by chromaticity features using self-organizing maps. Ing. Investig. [online]. 2016, vol.36, n.2, pp.78-89. ISSN 0120-5609.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/ing.investig.v36n2.55746.

Usually, the segmentation of color images is performed using cluster-based methods and the RGB space to represent the colors. The drawback with these methods is the a priori knowledge of the number of groups, or colors, in the image; besides, the RGB space is sensitive to the intensity of the colors. Humans can identify different sections within a scene by the chromaticity of its colors of, as this is the feature humans employ to tell them apart. In this paper, we propose to emulate the human perception of color by training a self-organizing map (SOM) with samples of chromaticity of different colors. The image to process is mapped to the HSV space because in this space the chromaticity is decoupled from the intensity, while in the RGB space this is not possible. Our proposal does not require knowing a priori the number of colors within a scene, and non-uniform illumination does not significantly affect the image segmentation. We present experimental results using some images from the Berkeley segmentation database by employing SOMs with different sizes, which are segmented successfully using only chromaticity features.

Keywords : Segmentation of color images; color spaces; competitive neural networks.

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