Revista Colombiana de Cardiología
Print version ISSN 0120-5633
CASTILLO, Víctor R et al. Surgical mortality in the correction of congenital heart disease at the Colombian Cardiovascular Foundation: 2000-2005. Rev. Col. Cardiol. [online]. 2006, vol.13, n.2, pp. 132-135. ISSN 0120-5633.
Background: Cardiac surgery is recognized as one of the biggest achievements in medicine. In the last decades, it has experienced enormous progresses through the improvement of the surgical, anesthetic and critical care techniques that have allowed the correction of most of the congenital cardiac defects opportunely and definitively. Method: To describe the percentage of institutional surgical mortality of patients operated for cardiac congenital defects according to the complexity level (Pediatric Cardiac Care Consortium RACHS-1 - based method for Risk Adjusment for Surgery congenital Heart disease). Results: Between January 2000 and October 2005, 1132 patients were operated. The surgical mortality accumulated in the described period was 7.2%, 7.8% in 2000, 13.8% in 2001, 6.5% in 2002, 7.9% in 2003, 5.1% in 2004 and 3.9% in 2005. The mortality by category of risk was 1.8% in the category 1, 4.8% in the category 2, 11.8% in the category 3, 11.5% in the category 4, 0% in the category 5 and 50% in the category 6. Conclusions: In the last six years, an important decrease in pediatric mortality due to cardiovascular surgical procedures has been observed. Maintaining an adequate register in the long term will allow the systematic analysis of the survival performance (tendencies) which will permit to establish comparisons with the main reference centers worldwide.
Keywords : congenital cardiac defects; surgical mortality; method for Risk Adjusted for Surgery congenital Heart disease (RACHS-1).