Revista Colombiana de Cardiología
versão impressa ISSN 0120-5633
BARRERA, Juan G et al. Carotid endarterectomy in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients: morbid-mortality results from 1998 to 2005. Rev. Col. Cardiol. [online]. 2007, vol.14, n.5, pp. 308-312. ISSN 0120-5633.
Antecedents: cerebrovascular disease is the third cause of death and probably the most common cause of significant long term disability. Mortality rate with first stroke is between 15% and 35% and goes up to 65% with subsequent strokes. Results at long and middle term endorse carotid endarterectomy for carotid artery disease treatment by demonstrating high safety profiles. Objective: to determine the surgical morbidity and mortality results at 3, 6 and 12 months of follow-up in patients submitted to carotid endarterectomy from 1998 to 2005. Design-Method: clinical histories of patients submitted to carotid endarterectomy from 1998 to September 2005 were evaluated. Results: 42 procedures were realized since 1998 until September 2005. 57% of the patients were men with mean age 68.8 ± 9.9 years. Important antecedents were arterial hypertension (82%), cigarette smoking (61) and dyslipidemia (50%). 82% showed symptoms of carotid disease. 11 patients had right carotid lesion and in 15 the lesion was bilateral, with mean obstruction of 85 ± 11.4%. Mortality was 4.7% and was not related to the surgical procedure. At September 2005, 57% of the discharged patients were asymptomatic. Conclusions: mortality for this group of patients is comparable to the worldwide published results. Procedure safety guarantees this surgical technique as the first option in this carotid pathology management.
Palavras-chave : carotid arteries; carotid disease; endarterectomy; ECV.