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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

versão impressa ISSN 0120-5633

Resumo

MANZUR, Fernando et al. Metabolic syndrome prevalence in the town of Arjona, Colombia. Rev. Col. Cardiol. [online]. 2008, vol.15, n.5, pp.215-222. ISSN 0120-5633.

Background: several definitions have been recently proposed in order to define the metabolic syndrome and they have generated confusion in the medical community. One of the most recent ones, issued in October 2005, is proposed by the American Heart Association (AHA), where the diagnostic criteria established for metabolic syndrome by the National Cholesterol Education Program’s Adult Treatment Panel III Report (ATP III) are modified. Objectives: determine prevalence of metabolic syndrome when applying the ATP III-AHA criteria in a cohort of the town of Arjona-Bolívar. Material and methods: descriptive cross sectional study in which the ATP III-AHA diagnostic criteria were applied in a cohort of 100 patients randomly chosen in the three different socioeconomic classes in the town of Arjona, Bolivar. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was determined and each one of its components was described in the trial. Results: when applying the ATP-AHA criteria, metabolic syndrome prevalence was 22% and the distribution according to gender did not show a statistical significant difference (26.9% in men and 20.3% in women). Main component of metabolic syndrome was abdominal obesity, found in 70% of cases. Conclusions: when applying the ATP III-AHA criteria, prevalence of metabolic syndrome was lower than the reported in worldwide studies. We did not have a published national standard to compare; therefore, more extensive population studies that may corroborate this result are needed. When applying the new criterion of abdominal perimeter in the prevalence of abdominal obesity, a bigger number of individuals at risk of cardiovascular disease are identified than with the use of the body mass index.

Palavras-chave : metabolic syndrome; arterial hypertension; diabetes mellitus; dyslipidemia; prevalence.

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