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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0120-5633


NAVARRETE H, Solón; HUERTAS R, Diego; ROZO M, Luis E  and  OSPINA, Jorge E. Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in a sample of patients with essential hypertension: descriptive study. Rev. Colom. Cardiol. [online]. 2009, vol.16, n.2, pp.64-70. ISSN 0120-5633.

Introduction: with the assessment of cardiovascular risk physicians can identify those groups in which they must prioritize prevention activities (primary and secondary) to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Methodology: we included 2,167 colombian hypertensive patients (average age: 62.6 years, 56.4% were women and 43.6% men), their doctors conducted a structured survey, recorded their results of physical examination and biochemical determinations for make a stratification of risk of cardiovascular disease. Results: only 32.1% of patients had controlled blood pressure levels at the survey time. This is the cardiovascular risk observed: low 19.3%, 35.9% moderate, high 30.6% and 14% very high. The coexistence of HBP + diabetes increased prevalence of kidney diseases, left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary disease and peripheral vascular disease. Conclusions: in hypertensive patients is necessary to generate strategies for detection and effective reduction of cardiovascular risk factors beyond the control of blood pressure levels.

Keywords : risk factors; cardiovascular disease; hypertension; prevention; control.

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