Revista Colombiana de Cardiología
Print version ISSN 0120-5633
LINCE, Rafael et al. Cardiac rhabdomyoma as manifestation of tuberous sclerosis: Presentation of two cases and literature review. Rev. Colom. Cardiol. [online]. 2009, vol.16, n.5, pp. 224-228. ISSN 0120-5633.
Cardiac rhabdomyomas are benign tumors derived from cardiac muscle fibers. They are usually multiple, but tend to decrease both in number and size with growth, with spontaneous regression in 90% of cases. These lesions are part of the primary cardiac tumors, which are uncommon, and have a variable incidence between 0.0017 and 0.28%. The most common primary cardiac tumor is the rhabdomyoma. An association between rhabdomyoma and tuberous sclerosis has been described in up to 72% of cases. For this reason, a patient with cardiac rhabdomyoma should be investigated for tuberous sclerosis.
Keywords : rhabdomyoma; tuberous sclerosis; cardiac tumors; echocardiography.