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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

versión impresa ISSN 0120-5633

Resumen

CHAVEZ, Elibet et al. Increment in P wave dispersion by decreasing atrial ejection time in hypertensive and prehypertensive patients. Rev. Colomb. Cardiol. [online]. 2011, vol.18, n.4, pp.226-233. ISSN 0120-5633.

Introduction: the relationship between diastolic dysfunction and P wave dispersion in the electrocardiogram is being studied since some years ago, and in this regard echocardiography is emerging as a tool to improve risk stratification in mild hypertension. Objective: to determine the dependence of the dispersion of the P wave of electrocardiogram with echocardiographic variables in a pediatric population. Methods: we studied 400 children from a total of 450 belonging to three elementary schools, and excluded those whose parents did not want them to participate in the study and those who had known congenital diseases. We performed 12-lead surface ECG and 4 blood pressure takings. We measured maximum and minimum P values and calculated P wave dispersion in the electrocardiogram. Echocardiography for structural measurements and pulsed Doppler of mitral flow were also performed. Results: mean values for duration of A wave of mitral flow showed no significant differences; however, there is a correlation coefficient (r) and significant p between P wave dispersion and duration of mitral flow A wave for normotensive (r = - 0.117 p = 0.05), NT (r = - 0.309 p = 0.001) and hypertensive (r = - 0.586 p = 0.001). There are significant differences between the mean P wave dispersion between diagnostic groups. Conclusions: we highlight the dependence of P wave dispersion, the electrocardiogram and the duration of the mitral inflow A wave, events that are related to risk of atrial fibrillation in adults, so perhaps this result gives an approach to earlier risk predictions in pediatric patients.

Palabras clave : P wave dispersion; mitral A wave duration; prehypertension; blood hypertension; increased atrial vulnerability.

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