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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0120-5633


RODRIGUEZ, Javier et al. Fractal diagnosis of left heart ventriculograms: Fractal geometry of ventriculogram during cardiac dynamics. Rev. Colomb. Cardiol. [online]. 2012, vol.19, n.1, pp.18-24. ISSN 0120-5633.

Background and Objectives: fractal geometry allows to describe and characterize irregular objects, which is appropriate for measuring human body structures. The purpose of this study is to characterize the left ventricle during cardiac dynamics by means of fractal dimensions to develop an objective, mathematical and reproducible diagnosis of left ventriculography. Method: this is a diagnostic concordance study in which we calculated the fractal dimensions of the ventricle in systole, in diastole and in a total of 36 ventriculograms evaluated as normal, mild, moderate and severe according to the ejection fraction in accordance with the conventional clinical diagnosis ; subsequently, the degree of similarity of the fractal dimensions between the three components were determined. Results: the degrees of similarity were between 1 and 9,000, and when arranging these values into sets, there was a progression from normal to severe. We established the characteristic degrees of similarity that allow to distinguish normality from disease and the evolution between them, showing that the conventional clinical classification presents difficulties to assess accurately and objectively the evolution of a ventriculogram towards normality or disease. Conclusions: we developed a new objective and reproducible diagnostic methodology of clinical application based on geometric assessments that is independent from the clinical classification.

Keywords : fractal; diagnosis; left ventricle; left ventriculography.

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