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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0120-5633

Abstract

ALVARADO, Camilo et al. A population study of cardiovascular risk factors related to lifestyle, electrocardiographic findings and current medication of patients evaluated by the Cardiology service. Rev. Colomb. Cardiol. [online]. 2012, vol.19, n.2, pp.61-71. ISSN 0120-5633.

OBJECTIVES: to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors related to lifestyle, antihypertensive drugs prescribed and the electrocardiographic diagnosis based on a study population of patients evaluated by the cardiology department of the Fundación Santa Fe de Bogota. MATERIALS AND METHODS: we evaluated 753 patients of the cardiology department at the Santa Fe de Bogota Foundation during March and April 2011. Registration forms were applied and processed in a descriptive way. RESULTS: We found a prevalence of hypertension, smoking and physical inactivity of 57.1%, 11.8% and 75% respectively in the total population. The group of antihypertensive drugs of higher consume were angiotensin receptor antagonists II (55%). We observed that 48.4% of patients without history of cardiovascular disease had a normal electrocardiogram, while in the group with previous cardiovascular desease history, 72.8% of the electrocardiograms were altered. CONCLUSIONS: risk factors related to lifestyle and arterial hypertension constitute a real public health problem; currently the primary prevention and the treatment with antihypertensive medications stand out as key tools in reducing morbidity and mortality associated to cardiovascular disease. The analysis of the epidemiological behavior of the electrocardiogram is a major challenge for research in the cardiology clinic and a fundamental contribution in this respect, and at the same time it would allow to determine the variables affecting its use, interpretation and clinical correlation.

Keywords : Arterial hypertension; risk factors; electrocardiography; cardiology department; smoking; cardiovascular disease.

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