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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0120-5633


RODREGUEZ, Javier O et al. Fractal diagnosis of severe cardiac dysfunction: Fractal dynamic of the left coronary branching. Rev. Colomb. Cardiol. [online]. 2012, vol.19, n.5, pp.225-232. ISSN 0120-5633.

INTRODUCTION AND OBJETIVES: fractal geometry evaluates the irregularity of natural objects, allowing impartially characterize the entire left coronary branching unlike the current methodology which evaluates only parts of it. Based on this measure, a new diagnostic method was generalized to detect any type of severe cardiac dysfunction. METHODS: Concordance study using the box counting method to measure fractal dimensions of consecutive images between systole and diastole of the left coronary branch in right anterior oblique projection in angiograms of eight patients with mild arterial occlusive disease. Likewise, we evaluated its changes through the concepts of variability and net difference and compared these results with patients without occlusive arterial disease, with moderate to severe arterial occlusive disease previously and similarly evaluated, to obtain a mathematical methodology to assess the impact of any pathology in cardiac dynamics. RESULTS: The cases with zero net differences occur in patients with severe cardiac dysfunction, regardless of the degree or absence of diagnosed occlusive arterial disease. Conclusions: a new diagnostic methodology of clinical application to detect sub-diagnosed severe heart dysfunction was generalized with current methodologies, through the characterization of the total dynamics of the left coronary branch.

Keywords : fractal; angiography; diagnosis.

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