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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0120-5633


PINILLA, Análida E; BARRERA, María del P; SANCHEZ, Ana L  and  MEJIA, Arturo. Risk factors of diabetes mellitus and diabetic foot: a primary approach to prevention. Rev. Colomb. Cardiol. [online]. 2013, vol.20, n.4, pp.213-222. ISSN 0120-5633.

Objective: to review the literature on risk factors associated with diabetes mellitus and its complications, prevention strategies and the importance of interdisciplinary programs to improve the quality of life. Data Source: search of the scientific literature published in Spanish and English, in databases such as Medline, SciELO and others from the National University of Colombia using keywords; also book reviews and consensus related to the topic. Study Selection: the titles and abstracts of papers were reviewed in order to select the original publications, as well as the most representative ones in relation to primary prevention and education. Data Extraction: the literature was classified and organized according to the main theme and the structure of the article. Data synthesis: a critical analysis was initiated to organize and synthesize the advances related to the following items: risk factors for diabetes mellitus, epidemiology, diabetic foot, education, primary prevention and lifestyles related with exercise and diet. Conclusion: the impact of diabetes mellitus and its complications in the health of individuals makes it necessary to establish public health policies for primary prevention to minimize the progress of this epidemic. It is essential to establish and strengthen educational programs oriented by health professionals, as well as to implement the training in diabetes mellitus in the undergraduate and graduate curricula of the health area.

Keywords : prevention; diabetes mellitus; risk factors.

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