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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0120-5633

Abstract

MUNOZ, Oscar et al. Clinical practice guidelines for prevention, early detection, diagnose, treatment and follow-up of dyslipidemias: farmacological treatment with statins. Rev. Colomb. Cardiol. [online]. 2015, vol.22, n.1, pp.14-21. ISSN 0120-5633.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rccar.2015.02.001.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of statin therapy on the incidence and recurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (primary and secondary prevention), the levels of lipid fractions and the incidence of side effects (cancer and diabetes mellitus) in people with hypercholesterolemia. Methods: A clinical practice guideline was developed following the guidelines of the methodological guidance of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection to systematically collect the evidence and make recommendations using the GRADE methodology. Results: A beneficial effect of pharmacological treatment with statins in both primary prevention and secondary prevention was evident, achieving clinically and statistically significant reductions in mortality and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Additionally, intensive statin therapy showed greater reduction in atherosclerotic cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events as compared to the treatment of moderate intensity. No significant differences in the risk of developing cancer by comparing statins versus placebo were found, but a 9% increase in the risk of diabetes mellitus associated with statin therapy was found. Conclusions: Recommendations for the use of statins as first-line treatment of hypercholesterolemia are formulated, and criteria to define the intensity of therapy (high or moderate response) as cardiovascular risk at 10 years, level of LDL (LDLc), age and personal and family history were established.

Keywords : Hypercholesterolemia; Lipid; Treatment; Statins.

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