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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

versión impresa ISSN 0120-5633

Resumen

MORENO, Pedro R.  y  PORTILLO, Juan H. del. Myocardial ischemia: basic concepts, diagnosis and clinical implications. Part three. Rev. Colomb. Cardiol. [online]. 2017, vol.24, n.1, pp.34-39. ISSN 0120-5633.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rccar.2016.02.005.

The term myocardial ischemia refers to a left ventricular dysfunction secondary to a myocardial infarction, viable ischemic myocardium or sever coronary disease documented by means of a coronary angiography, which has a poor prognosis, with five-year survival rate of 45%. Management of myocardial ischemia involves estimating viability of the affected myocardium in order to determine whether revascularization can generate a positive remodelling that improves left ventricle functioning. Four different basic modalities are used in clinical practice to assess myocardial viability: single-photon emission computed tomography, positron emission tomography, stress echocardiogram and cardiac magnetic resonance. Nowadays there are studies that have shown medical therapy improves left ventricle function in ischemic heart disease, regardless of the presence or not of the viability or the myocardial revascularization; therefore, it is possible that other factors such as the amount of remodelling, the left ventricle volumes, mitral insufficiency and ejection fraction could also afffect the outcomes. A clear definition of the left ventricle remodelling states where the presence of viability is beneficial and the stages where the remodelling is reversible with myocardial revascularization is required. With regards to methods for assessing viability, magnetic resonance seems to provide more answers, as it can give additional information related to the dimensions of the left ventricle, ejection fraction, myocardial fibrosis and valvular abnormalities.

Palabras clave : Coronary disease; Ischemia; Ischemic cardiac pathology; Hibernation; Blood Flow.

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