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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0120-5633

Abstract

MEJIA, Sandra Matiz et al. Kawasaki disease. Rev. Colomb. Cardiol. [online]. 2017, vol.24, n.3, pp.307-307.  Epub Aug 25, 2016. ISSN 0120-5633.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rccar.2016.05.011.

Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile state with an incidence of 175 per 100,000 children under the age of 5. It is a vasculitis with a preference for small and mediumsized vessels, especially for coronary arteries. If untreated, coronary aneurysms may pose the risk of acute myocardial infarction and sudden death. The case of a 4 year-old child who was diagnosed of Kawasaki disease and moderate fusiform aneurysms in the right and left coronary arteries is described. Follow-up visit after two months revealed fever again with hypercholesterolemia, thrombocytosis and abnormal liver testing. Control echocardiogram evidenced a giant aneurysm in the left coronary and a coronary angiography detected two additional aneurysms in the right coronary. As this was considered an atypical progress of the condition, review of global Kawasaki disease literature was carried out and early diagnosis and treatment were recommended to reduce morbidity with severe cardiovascular involvement and/or mortality.

Keywords : Coronary disease; Aneurysms.

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