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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0120-5633

Abstract

ALVAREZ-CEBALLOS, Juan Camilo et al. Determining cardiovascular risk in a population group. Rev. Colomb. Cardiol. [online]. 2017, vol.24, n.4, pp.334-341. ISSN 0120-5633.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rccar.2016.08.002.

Motivation:

To determine cardiovascular risk with Framingham, Framingham Colombia, Procam, and Procam Colombia in the population of the cardiovascular risk program of a first level institution in the city of Armenia, Quindío.

Methods:

A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted that selected as population the participants of the cardiovascular risk program of a first level health institution in the city of Armenia, Quindío, between 1st of January and 31st of December 2015. Average variables, standard deviation and confidence intervals were described with a comparative gender-sensitive analysis of risk factors for each scale.

Results:

The average age in the cardiovascular risk program was 64.54 years, and a body mass index of 27.71 m2/kg. 76.48% presents arterial hypertension, 20.86% diabetes mellitus and 9.36% smoke. Cardiovascular risk according to the Framingham scale is 11.36%, and with Framingham Colombia it is 8.52%. According to Procam scale it is 9.44%, and with Procam Colombia it is 8.81%.

Body mass index, age and LDL cholesterol are not statistically significant for risk assessment with Framingham and Framingham Colombia scales.

Conclusion:

The proposed appropriate scale for measuring cardiovascular risk in this population group is the Procam or Procam Colombia scale, because it identifies almost all variables in a significant way. Framingham and Framingham Colombia scales must be used with caution for this population group

Keywords : Cardiovascular disease; Cardiovascular risk factors; Validation studies.

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