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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

versión impresa ISSN 0120-5633

Resumen

PARRA, Pedro F. et al. Angiographic and epidemiological differences between men and women who developacute coronary syndrome. Rev. Colomb. Cardiol. [online]. 2017, vol.24, n.5, pp.436-441.  Epub 10-Ago-2017. ISSN 0120-5633.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rccar.2017.04.010.

Introduction:

Cardiovascular disease is the primary cause of death in Colombia. Poorer results have been shown in women, despite it being more prevalent in males.

Objective:

To describe the between-gender angiographic and epidemiological differences in patients with acute coronary syndrome.

Methods:

Between the years 2013 and 2014, a retrospective descriptive study was performed on patients with acute coronary syndrome that were grouped according to gender. An analysis was made of cardiovascular risk factors, ischaemia biomarkers, coronary angiography, and hospital mortality. The data were analysed using the SPSS 20.0 statistics package.

Results:

Of the 148 patients studied, 35% had an infarction with an ST elevation, 42.9% an infarction with no ST elevation, and 21% with unstable angina. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease for men and women was 18.9% vs. 4.1% (P=.004), and stroke 2.7% vs. 14.9% (P=.009), with the latter predominantly female. The Troponin value was higher in males, 71.6% vs. 56.8% (P=.043). The women required more stent implants, 72.6% vs. 58.1% (P=.002). However, the prevalence of multivessel disease with a coronary re-vascularisation indication was higher in males, 25.7% vs. 6.8% (P=.002). The simultaneous involvement of the proximal anterior descending and circumflex arteries as a criterion of severity was higher in males, 16.4% vs. 5.4%, with significant differences (P=.032).

Conclusions:

This study establishes the possibility that there can be between-gender clinical and pathophysiological differences, which may be a fundamental factor for possible changes in its diagnosis and intervention.

Palabras clave : Gender; Acute coronary syndrome; Characterisation.

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