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Revista Colombiana de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 0120-5633

Abstract

OCAMPO-SALGADO, Carolina et al. Subclavian venous thrombosis associated with pacemaker electrode and sticky platelet syndrome. Rev. Colomb. Cardiol. [online]. 2018, vol.25, n.2, pp.154-161. ISSN 0120-5633.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rccar.2017.11.029.

Sticky platelet syndrome is a qualitative platelet disorder in which low concentrations of adrenaline and adenosine diphosphate produce considerable platelet hyperaggregability. There has been much speculation on the origin of this disorder as its pathophysiological mechanisms of action are not yet clear. From a clinical point of view, it is associated with recurrent arterial and venous thrombosis in young patients, miscarriages, other obstetric complications and recurrent headaches.Its familial presentation has been described in the literature, suspecting that it is of a dominant autosomal hereditary nature. An acquired phenotype of the disease has also been reported in some particular patients, such as patients with chronic kidney disease on renal replacement therapy or after a kidney transplant, as well as in patients with inflammatory processes or immunosuppression. The case is presented of a patient with a history of difficult to manage headaches, a hypertensive syndrome associated with the pregnancy, and a foetal death. She also had sick sinus node syndrome and dysautonomia managed with a definitive dual-chamber pacemaker with a CLS sensor. There was then a thrombosis in the subclavian vein associated with the pacemaker electrode, being recurrent despite anticoagulation with warfarin and rivaroxaban, and even despite anti-aggregation treatment with acetyl salicylic acid. She was subsequently diagnosed with sticky platelet syndrome.

Keywords : Platelet aggregation; Electrode; Pacemaker; Thrombosis; Venous thrombosis.

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