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Semestre Económico

versão impressa ISSN 0120-6346

Resumo

GOMEZ-SEGURA, Camilo Fabiam; CERQUERA LOSADA, Óscar Hernán  e  ORJUELA YACUE, Cristian Felipe. EVOLUTION OF THE SALARIAL GAP BY GENDER IN COLOMBIA 2004-2012. AN ANALYSIS OF THE GLASS CEILING PHENOMENON. Semest. Econ. [online]. 2018, vol.21, n.48, pp.27-49. ISSN 0120-6346.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22395/seec.v21n48a1.

This paper analyzes the determinants of the wage gap by gender in Colombia from 2004 to 2012, using the Mesep-DANE surveys of 2004, 2008 and 2012. A breakdown of the wage gap in the different points of the unconditional distribution of wages was carried out. The results obtained show that there is an average wage differential in favor of men and that it is growing over time. It is explained in 20% and 40% by factors other than the productivity of individuals. When analyzing the wage difference by gender in the different quantiles of the income distribution, it was found that the characteristic effect explains the gross gap as one advances through the wage distribution. This result demonstrates the existence of a glass ceiling for women.

JEL CLASSIFICATION: J15, J16, J31, J70

Palavras-chave : Salary discrimination; characteristic effect; remuneration effect; glass ceiling..

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