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CES Medicina

versión impresa ISSN 0120-8705


TORRES DE GALVIS, YOLANDA; AGUDELO-MARTINEZ, ALEJANDRA; SIERRA-HINCAPIE, GLORIA MARÍA  y  SALAS-ZAPATA, CAROLINA. Factors associated with violence in Itagui (Colombia) in 2012. CES Med. [online]. 2014, vol.28, n.1, pp.61-76. ISSN 0120-8705.

Introduction: Violence has been a source of concern for various social sectors, since it hinders possibilities of social development and is considered a predictive factor of even more violence. Methods: It started from a quantitative approach using qualitative techniques that allow complement the findings. In the first step, the technique of "focus groups" followed by a population diagnosis (cross-sectional association design). For the descriptive phase, no institutionalized population, aging from 13 to 65 years old, were selected from 6 communes of Itagüi (Colombia) and its rural area. The study sample was of 916 participants. Results: The quantitative analysis showed that 42 out of every 100 people had risk of violent behavior, the proportion of this in men (51.6 %) was higher than in woman (48.4 %), and it is also higher in rural areas (55 %) than in urban ones (39.4%). A strong association was found between the risk of violence and drug dependency, alcoholism, having pairs troubled, childhood maltreatment, domestic violence, behavioral disorders, irritability, impulsivity, and witness the violence to the mother. On the other hand, the protective factors found were family cohesion, prosocial behavior, personal satisfaction, family support network and good communication with the father. In the multivariate analysis, age, risk of alcoholism, drug dependence risk, conduct disorder, and irritability remained as associated factors. The qualitative analysis allowed an approach to the possible conditions that generate violence, finding that loneliness, lack of employment opportunities, the economic crisis, drug micro trafficking and lack of love and communication in the home, are the most representative aspects respondents reported. Conclusion: We should prioritize promotion of good treatment and prevention of violence in Itagüi (Colombia), especially in the rural area. This kind of actions must be directed to promote family functioning, drug use prevention, drug microtrafic control, employment creation, and strengthening conviviality

Palabras clave : Violence; Psychoactive substances; Drug use; Alcoholism; Conviviality; Behavior disorder.

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