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CES Medicina

Print version ISSN 0120-8705


ZULUAGA-ARBELAEZ, Nicolás; SIERRA-VARGAS, Elsy Cristina; DIAZ-CORONADO, Juan Camilo  and  GUEVARA-CASALLAS, Luis Gonzalo. Ulcerative colitis for non-gastroenterologists. CES Med. [online]. 2020, vol.34, n.3, pp.188-197.  Epub July 15, 2021. ISSN 0120-8705.

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease of idiopathic etiology and multifactorial pathophysiology. It is characterized by inflammation of the rectal mucosa with proximal, continuous and symmetrical extension through the colon. Its diagnosis is established based on clinical, endoscopic and histological findings. The therapeutic goal is to achieve clinical and endoscopic remission, reduce the risk of colectomy, colorectal cancer and improve quality of life of patients. A search for scientific articles was carried out, achieving this narrative review of the literature where the most relevant and updated aspects of the disease are exposed; with the objective of providing elements for the diagnostic and therapeutic approach of the disease.

Keywords : Ulcerative colitis; Intestinal diseases; Diagnosis; Therapeutics.

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