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Acta Neurológica Colombiana

Print version ISSN 0120-8748

Abstract

HERNANDEZ HERNANDEZ, Bárbara Aymeé. Polineuropatía asociada a infección por VIH. Revisión del tema y presentación de un caso: Polyneuropathy associated to VIH infection. Review of the topic and case report. Acta Neurol Colomb. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.3, pp.299-309. ISSN 0120-8748.

Infection by Human Immune deficiency (VIH) is a public health problem. Neurological affection in those patients is frequent, it involve central and peripheral nervous system. In some cases neurological involvement is the first sign of the infection. Peripheral neuropathies are the most common of neurological illness associated to VIH infection; it could be observed in 100 % of autopsy. Autoimmune neuropathies like Guillain Barré and Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP) appear at initial phase of infection, when CD4 count is slight diminish. CIDP has defined clinic and electrophysiological criteria to differentiate it from other types of neuropathies, CIDP has a good response to immunomodulation treatment, it has an insidious start, which could difficult the diagnostic. We show a brief revision of peripheral neuropathic associated to VIH infection; we show a case with VIH infection and CIDP.

Keywords : Peripheral neuropathies; CIDP; VIH infection; eripheral Nerve Conduction Study; Electrophysiological Studies (MeSH).

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