SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.31 issue4Clinical, biochemical and imaging characterization in a cohort of patients diagnosed with classical nonketotic hyperglycinemia: ambispective study 2000-2014, Medellin-ColombiaPrevalence and risk factor in moderate and severe disability in patients with stroke and atrial fibrilation in a university hospital of Bogotá author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


Acta Neurológica Colombiana

Print version ISSN 0120-8748

Abstract

JIMENEZ-PEREZ, Cheryl E et al. Current state of multiple sclerosis in Colombia. Acta Neurol Colomb. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.4, pp.385-390. ISSN 0120-8748.

Introduction: Two local epidemiological studies describe Colombia as low risk for multiple sclerosis (MS). New information systems, which allow for a more accurate approximation, are currently available. Objective: To estimate the national prevalence of MS, as well as by regions, and to analyze national drug costs. Materials and methods: We obtained data from the Individual Registry of Health care provision (RIPS), with the diagnosis code G35x for multiple sclerosis, taking the confirmed new and repeated diagnoses between 2009 and 2013, by gender, age group and geographical location. For the analysis of medications, we use the database SISMED 2014 searching for all drugs available in Colombia: interferon beta 1A, interferon beta 1B, glatiramer acetate, natalizumab, mitoxantrone and fingolimod. Results: According to the RIPS, 3,462 patients with diagnosis of MS contacted the health system in Colombia during the period 2009-2013. The national prevalence for the period was 7.52 / 100,000, with the highest figure in Bogota (16.25) with 1213 patients, followed by Quindío (13.03) and Risaralda (11.18). The largest proportion of patients were in the 50 to 54 years age group, and 70% were women. Additionally, in 2014 Colombia spent COP $ 86 billion pesos (43 million US dollars) for MS drugs, around US$12,500 per patient/year. Conclusion: Colombia is a country with intermediate risk for MS, a disease that implies a high direct cost for the health system.

Keywords : Colombia; drug costs; economic; epidemiology; multiple sclerosis; prevalence.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )