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Acta Neurológica Colombiana

Print version ISSN 0120-8748

Abstract

OCHOA, John Fredy; ASCENCIO, José Luis  and  ZAPATA, Jose F. Functional connectivity in a patient with complex hallucinations. A case of autoscopy. Acta Neurol Colomb. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.4, pp.423-431. ISSN 0120-8748.

Autoscopy, from Greek autos (self) and skopeo (looking at), are complex hallucinations wherein the patient feels a visual duplication of his body. The current paper presents some brain connectivity correlates, obtained from resting state functional magnetic resonance, in a patient with refractory epilepsy who suffers autoscopic hallucinations during her seizures. Introduce the functional neuroimaging findings in a patient with autoscopic hallucinations. As part of the evaluation protocol for patients with refractory epilepsy, electroencephalographic video monitoring, positron emission tomography and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging, were done to a patient that suffers autoscopic hallucinations during her crisis. The information obtained from those studies are correlated with clinical information. In the patient, the positron emision tomography and the electroencephalographic video monitoring study indicate an injury in the right occipital lobe, findings that coincide with previous literature report about autoscopy. The neuronal synchronization, measured by functional resonance, is abnormal in the same region where is altered the positron emision tomography imaging, enabling to relate the autoscopy phenomena with brain connectivity alterations. The patient has clinical features of autoscopic hallucination. MRI indicates areas with altered brain dynamics in the case of the patient coincide with regions reported in the literature. This study provides evidence on the role of neuronal synchronization mechanisms and the perception of hallucinations.

Keywords : electroencephalography; epilepsy; functional magnetic resonance imaging; hallucinations; positron emission tomography.

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