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Acta Neurológica Colombiana

Print version ISSN 0120-8748

Abstract

CAMARGO ROJAS, Andrea Paola; GOMEZ LOPEZ, Angélica María; HERNANDEZ, Leonardo Fabio  and  PALACIOS SANCHEZ, Eduardo. Symptoms present in multiple sclerosis: case series. Acta Neurol Colomb. [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.2, pp.108-114. ISSN 0120-8748.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22379/24224022198.

INTRODUCTION:

There are symptoms present in multiple sclerosis (MS), they are not directly related with the demyelinating nature of relapses, they affect and deteriorate patients' quality of life and they have not been adequately characterized in the colombian population.

OBJECTIVE:

To describe the clinical, sociodemographic and symptomatic characteristics of patients with MS in the Neurology Department of the Hospital San José de Bogotá.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A case series study. Consecutive patients with a diagnosis of MS according to Mc Donald 2010 criteria who were attended at the Hospital de San José between August 2015 and March 2017. Sociodemographic, clinical and symptom variables were evaluated with fatigue intensity scale, Hamilton depression scale, disability scale (EDSS), and questionnaire of sexuality and intimacy in MS. Data were analyzed in STATA 13.

RESULTS:

65 patients were included. 72% female. Symptoms present: fatigue (75 %), headache (43 %), urinary dysfunction (38 %), depression (39 %), sleep disorders (32 %), anorectal dysfunction (27 %) and sexual dysfunction (20 %). In patients with depression, 64 % have sleep disorders associated. 50 % of patients with fatigue and depression had 9 years or less of disease progression and 11 years or less of those with urinary dysfunction.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS:

Fatigue and depression are likely to be associated with increased of presentation of sleep disorders and sexual dysfunction, they are evidenced in patients with a longer evolution of the disease.

Keywords : Depression; Headache; Multiple Sclerosis; Fatigue; Sleep (MeSH).

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