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Acta Neurológica Colombiana

Print version ISSN 0120-8748


MARTINEZ-RUBIO, Carlos F.  and  BAYONA-ORTIZ, Hernán F.. Factors related to an adverse outcome for stroke in a Bogota hospital. Case-control study. Acta Neurol Colomb. [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.2, pp.115-122. ISSN 0120-8748.


Determining risk factors for adverse outcome among acute ischemic stroke patients.


Retrospective case-control study. We compared two groups of patients: the first one with bad outcome after ischemic stroke (Modified Ranking Scale >3) and the second one with good outcome (Modified Ranking Scale <2) to find the risk factors that contributed to the complications. The secondary outcome observed was the in-hospital mortality risk factors. Statistics: univariate and multivariate analysis was made adjusted to age and severity using NIHSS and logistic regression.


High blood pressure, atrial fibrillation, cardioembolic etiology and thrombolysis were identified as risk factors for bad outcome. The rapidly improving stroke proved to be a protective factor.


Risk factors were similar to the ones known in the general group of stroke, proving they are similar in the group with acute stroke.

Keywords : Early Warning; Stroke; Thrombolytic Therapy; Atrial Fibrillation; Prognosis (MeSH).

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