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CES Odontología

Print version ISSN 0120-971X


RAMIREZ-PUERTA, Blanca Susana; MOLINA-OCHOA, Héctor Manuel  and  MORALES-FLOREZ, Jessica Lorena. Dental fluorosis in children of 12 and 15 year of aged in Andes Municipality. CES odontol. [online]. 2016, vol.29, n.1, pp.33-43. ISSN 0120-971X.

Introduction: Dental fluorosis is a problem of oral health that occurs in varying degrees of severity depending on exposure to fluoride during tooth formation, the WHO recommends monitoring this problem in the population. Objetive: To determine prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis in children, who visited to the dentist's office during 2014 at the ESE Hospital San Rafael in Andes municipality (Antioquia). Materials and methods: Descriptive, retrospective study of four hundred records of children aged 12 and 15 who visited to the dentist's office during 2014; of which 192 were reported as cases of dental fluorosis, and had been examined by visual inspection of labial surfaces in twelve teeth, according the Dean index. The prevalence and severity levels of dental fluorosis by age, sex and area of residence were estimated. Results: The prevalence of dental fluorosis was 48%, being the most frequent very mild and mild forms with 30%, while moderate fluorosis was 16% and severe 2%. Conclusions: The high prevalence of dental fluorosis in children aged 12 and 15 of Andes municipality, indicate the need to continue monitoring the problem and to implement measures aimed at controlling the risk of dental fluorosis in the population.

Keywords : Dental fluorosis; Fluorides; Oral epidemiology; Oral health.

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