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Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0120-9957

Abstract

RAMIREZ GAVIRIA, Gloria Cecilia et al. Analyses of numerical aberrations of chromosome 17 And TP53 gene deletion in gastrointestinal tumors by dual-color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Rev Col Gastroenterol [online]. 2008, vol.23, n.4, pp.333-342. ISSN 0120-9957.

Introduction. Numerical and structural chromosome aberrations are common in gastrointestinal cancers; these are originated by chromosomal Instability that happens during development of cancer. Thus, the expression of many genes is affected, such as protooncogene, tumor suppressor genes and repair genes. Aims. To evaluate aneuploidy of chromosome 17 and TP53 gene deletions in primary gastrointestinal tumors by dual- color fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Samples and methods. 15 primary gastrointestinal tumor samples were analyzed, which were mechanically and enzimatically disaggregated with 0.2% collagenase in order to obtain interphase nuclei. Dual-color FISH assays was performed using direct fluorescent labeling probes for the chromosome 17 centromere and TP53 gene (17p13.1). Hybridized signals were counted in 100 interphase nuclei by each case. Results. Aneuploidy of chromosome 17 was found in 33.3% (5/15) of the samples. Monosomy was detected in 100% (5/5) of cases with aneuploidies. Most of tumor samples exhibited heterogeneous clones that were monosomic, disomic, trisomic and occasionally tetrasomic. The TP53 deletion was found in 93.3% (14/15) of the analyzed samples. The histopathological study showed that 14 out of 15 tumors samples displayed an advance stage of tumorigenesis. Conclusions. We found an imbalance of signals for chromosome 17 and TP53 per nucleus. Aneuploidy of chromosome 17 and TP53 gene deletion are very frequent aberrations in gastrointestinal tumors. Dual-color FISH analysis allow detect intratumoral genetic heterogeneity that had occurred in development of cancer.

Keywords : Gastrointestinal cancer; TP53 gene; Dual-FISH; aneuploidy; deletion; genetic heterogeneity.

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