Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterologia
Print version ISSN 0120-9957
MOLANO C, Jenny; PINEROS O, Sandra and LOPEZ DE MESA M, Clara. The relation of dyspepsia and gastroesophageal reflux to emotional factors: impact on the education and social activity of adolescents. Rev Col Gastroenterol [online]. 2009, vol.24, n.4, pp. 364-372. ISSN 0120-9957.
Introduction and objectives. Anxiety and depression have been related with dyspepsia and reflux disease. We conducted a cross sectional, population based study, with the objectives to determine relation of dyspepsia and reflux symptoms with emotional factors and the impact on school assistance and social activity in students. Methods. 937 students between 12 to 20 years selected at random answered a survey on the presence, frequency, leading events and other characteristics of dyspeptic and reflux disease symptoms occurred in the last year and the Zung's scales of anxiety and depression. Correlation with endoscopic findings was established. Results. Self - reported symptoms of depression and anxiety were statistically significant in adolescents (p=0,001), whereas only anxiety symptoms were significant in adolescents with reflux disease (p=0,001). Neither anxiety nor depression was related to type of dyspepsia (organic or functional). Cigarette smoking and alcohol use were significant in adolescents with dyspepsia. (p=0,004) and (p=0,015) Conclusions. Dyspepsia and reflux disease symptoms have a B association with school assistance and with daily and social activities in adolescents. Self reported symptoms of anxiety and depression are frequent in students with dyspepsia and symptoms of anxiety are frequent in students with reflux disease symptoms, but are not related with type of dyspepsia (organic or functional).
Keywords : Dyspepsia; reflux disease; adolescents; anxiety; depression; Quality of life.