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Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0120-9957

Abstract

CASTANO, Rodrigo et al. Evaluation of interdisciplinary care of a series of 53 patients with hepatholithiasis. Rev Col Gastroenterol [online]. 2010, vol.25, n.2, pp.128-138. ISSN 0120-9957.

Objectives: Evaluate the results of interdisciplinary care in a series of patients with hepatolithiasis. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study of 53 patients with hepatolithiasis who were evaluated over an eight year period. Results: 23 men (43%) and 30 women were studied. The average age was 50 ± 15 years (range: 25-83 years). Pain was the predominant symptom (94%), followed by jaundice (68%) and fever (57%). According to the Tsunoda classification, 6 patients were Tsunoda I, 12 were Tsunoda II, 4 were Tsunoda III, and 5 were Tsunoda IV. Left lobe hepatolithiasis was most frequent (36%), followed by bilateral hepatolithiasis (34%). Endoscopic cholangiography was successful in 64% of patients. Only 4 patients were treated by percutaneous cholangiography, with 2 successes. 35 patients (66%) were operated on. The most frequent surgery was left hepatectomy with subcutaneous loop in 7 patients (40%), followed by hepatojejunostomy with subcutaneous loop (26%). Four orthotopic liver transplantations with good evolution were performed in patients with cirrhotic complications. 40% had early complications. Most frequent were infection of the operative site (14%) and residual stones (9%). The most frequent delayed complication was residual lithiasis (23%). 80% of the patients who underwent surgery were asymptomatic compared with 72% of those who did not undergo surgery. There were no mortalities resulting from surgery. Conclusions: Hepatolithiasis is a disease which does not have a well standardized treatment. Surgery is an alternative with good results, clinical improvement and low morbidity and mortality rates when there is interdisciplinary including interventionist radiology and biliary endoscopy.

Keywords : Hepatolithiasis; choledocolithiasis; cholangiocarcinoma; hepatectomy; hepatojejunostomy liver transplantation.

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