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Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0120-9957

Abstract

SANTOS, Óscar et al. Liver retransplantation: 6 years of experience of the Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe. Rev Col Gastroenterol [online]. 2014, vol.29, n.2, pp.96-100. ISSN 0120-9957.

Objectives: Liver retransplantation is the only therapeutic option for liver graft failure which occurs in 5% to 23 % of all transplants. Graft failure is associated with poorer survival rates and increased complications and costs. The objectives of this study were to assess the incidence of liver retransplantation and describe complications and survival of liver retransplantation patients at a center in Colombia. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective descriptive study of patients retransplanted at the Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe between 2004 and 2010. Results: Three hundred five adults and children underwent orthotopic liver transplants between 2004 and 2010. Liver retransplantation was performed on 21 adult patients (7.7 %). The main indication was thrombosis of the hepatic artery. Patient survival at 1 year was 81 %, and at 5 years it was 76 %. Liver graft survival was at one year was 76 % and at five years was 72%. Vascular complications were found in 4 patients (19%), and biliary complications were found in 4 patients (19%). Infections were documented in 11 patients (52 %). The main cause of death was primary liver graft dysfunction. Conclusion: Liver retransplantation is a complex procedure requiring great technical skill and appropriate patient selection. Medium term results in the Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe in Medellin are similar to those reported in the literature.

Keywords : Liver transplantation; retransplantation; graft failure.

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