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Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0120-9957

Abstract

CAICEDO R, Luis Armando et al. The experience of the Fundacion Valle Del Lili in Cali, Colombia with Combined Liver and Kidney Transplantation. Rev Col Gastroenterol [online]. 2016, vol.31, n.2, pp.96-101. ISSN 0120-9957.

Introduction: Combined liver and kidney transplantation (CLK) has been shown to be a good alternative for patients with concomitant diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage liver disease. Some studies have also shown immunological benefits from combined transplantation with decreased rates of kidney graft rejection. Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the indications and clinical outcomes of CLK transplant recipients in a highly complex hospital. Materials and Methods: CLK transplant patients were selected from the institutional transplant registry (Trenal) from 2000 to 2011. Demographic and clinical characteristics were described and survival of patients and grafts were estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Over a period of 11 years, 16 CLK transplants were performed. This was 1.51% of kidney transplants and 3.48% of liver transplants done in the institution during this period. Most recipients were male (10/16). The median age was 56.5 years. The median MELD was 17 (IQR: 12.5 to 20.5, range: 8 to 24). The most frequent diagnosis was liver cirrhosis due to NASH (4/16). All patients had been diagnosed with CKD: four cases were secondary to diabetes mellitus. The most common indications for transplants were difficult to manage ascites, recurrent encephalopathy and malnutrition. The average liver cold ischemia time was 7.3 hours, and the average kidney cold ischemia time 9.6 hours. The five-year liver graft survival rate was 87.5%,  and the five-year kidney graft survival rate was 67.3%. Four patients died: two as the result of sepsis and two as the result of malignancy. Conclusion: CLK transplantation results at the Fundación Valle del Lili have been satisfactory and comparable to those reported by other transplant centers.

Keywords : Combined liver-kidney transplant; survival; graft rejection.

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