SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.31 issue3Clinical and Demographic Factors Associated with Survival Following Liver Transplantation in Patients over 14 Years of Age at the Hospital Universitario de San Vicente Fundación from 2002 to 2013Institutional Experience with Cyanoacrylate Treatment of Gastric Varices author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand



Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0120-9957


PADILLA RUIZ, Maykel Alain. Cuban Normality Tables for Psychometric Tests Used for Diagnosis of Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy. Rev Col Gastroenterol [online]. 2016, vol.31, n.3, pp.216-222. ISSN 0120-9957.

Objectives: Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is the subclinical stage prior to the development of clinical hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhotic patients. For these patients, it is associated with impaired quality of life, increased risk of accidents, and incapacity for driving vehicles. The Psychometric Hepatic Encephalopathy Score (PHES) is currently considered to be the diagnostic method of choice for diagnosis of MHE. The aim of this work was to design PHES normality tables for the Cuban population. Population and Methods: The study sample consisted of 520 healthy people from the provinces of Villa Clara, Sancti Spiritus and Cienfuegos who all took the 5 tests included in the PHES. Variables of age, sex, years of schooling, place of origin, and daily alcohol consumption were analyzed. Univariate analysis with the Student’s t test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient was performed. Multivariable linear regression for each test was performed and normality tables were constructed. Results: Multivariate analysis used multiple linear regression with age and years of schooling as the independent variables related to performance for each of the 5 tests. Conclusions: The availability of normality tables provides a diagnostic reference method for PHES which is applicable to Cuban patients with liver cirrhosis without requiring control groups for age and regional education level

Keywords : Cirrhosis; minimal hepatic encephalopathy; neuropsychological test; numerical connection test; test symbols and numbers.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English | Spanish     · English ( pdf ) | Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License