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Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0120-9957

Abstract

REYES M, Gustavo Adolfo et al. Phenotypic characteristics and treatment of inflammatory bowel disease at a university hospital in Bogotá, Colombia. Rev Col Gastroenterol [online]. 2018, vol.33, n.2, pp.117-126. ISSN 0120-9957.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22516/25007440.196.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease which are chronic and recurrent inflammatory pathologies of the digestive tract whose causes are still uncertain. IBD’s incidence and prevalence are increasing worldwide, especially in developing countries.

Objectives:

The objective of this study was to describe phenotypic characteristics and types of treatment of 165 patients diagnosed with IBD treated between July 5, 2013 and December 31, 2016 at a university hospital in Bogotá, Colombia.

Methods:

This is a descriptive study based on frequencies and proportions of patients diagnosed with IBD at the University Clinic Colombia in Bogotá between July 5, 2013 and December 31, 2016.

Results:

UC accounted for 75.8% of the cases while CD accounted for 24.2% of these cases. Women accounted for a slightly larger proportion of patients than did men: 56% of UC cases and 55% of CD cases. UC’s most frequent form of presentation was pancolitis which was found 46.4% of the patients. Frequent forms of CD presentation were ileocolonic (52.5%) and inflammatory non-stenosing or fistulizing (60%). CD patients had a greater percentage of extraintestinal manifestations (35%), greater use of biological medications (35%) and required a greater number of surgeries (27.5%) than did UC patients.

Keywords : Inflammatory bowel disease; ulcerative colitis; Crohn’s disease.

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