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Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0120-9957

Abstract

RODRIGUEZ-F, Jesús A et al. Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for treatment of achalasia: our first experiences. Rev Col Gastroenterol [online]. 2018, vol.33, n.3, pp.228-234. ISSN 0120-9957.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22516/25007440.197.

Introduction:

Peroral endoscopic myotomies (POEMs) were initially designed to manage achalasia, a chronic and progressive esophageal motility disorder with lower esophageal sphincter hypertension (LES). Until recently, standard treatment had been Heller’s surgery, but this new technique offers very promising pressure.

Materials and methods:

This is a retrospective review of the clinical histories of patients with achalasia who underwent POEM performed by one endoscopic surgeon at a Colombian institution.

Results:

Four patients with achalasia were found. All had Eckardt scores of ten or more and lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure of 30mm Hg or more. Surgical times ranged between 81 and 120 minutes. Follow-up examinations found that LES pressure had decreased by more than 50% in practically all patients. Eckardt scores were close to normal. This demonstrates success of POEM therapy after two months of evaluation. Complications were resolved intraoperatively without mortality.

Conclusions:

Management of achalasia by POEM has proven to be a safe and effective technique. Our first findings agree with the results described in the literature. This is the first step in the implementation of this novel approach for management of achalasia in our Colombian population.

Keywords : Achalasia; esophageal motility disorders; oral endoscopic myotomy; Heller myotomy.

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