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Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterologia

Print version ISSN 0120-9957

Abstract

ANGEL ARANGO, Luis Alberto  and  DONADO MORE, Andrés Felipe. Upper esophageal varices (Downhill varices): Case presentation and literature review. Rev Col Gastroenterol [online]. 2020, vol.35, n.1, pp.43-53. ISSN 0120-9957.  http://dx.doi.org/10.22516/25007440.381.

We describe 21 cases with incidental endoscopic findings of upper esophageal varices (downhill varices) and relevant data from patients’ clinical histories and endoscopic findings. The male/female ratio was 1:1 and patients’ average age was 67.9 years. The most frequent comorbidity was chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, followed by pneumoconiosis, obesity and apnea-hypopnea syndrome. All comorbidities had associated pulmonary hypertension. The last three causes have not been previously described in the literature on upper esophageal varices. None of the patients had histories of variceal hemorrhaging.

Keywords : Upper esophageal varices; downhill varices; case description; review; pulmonary hypertension.

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