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Revista colombiana de Gastroenterología

Print version ISSN 0120-9957On-line version ISSN 2500-7440


JULIAO-BANOS, Fabián et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of Crohn’s disease in the adult population. Rev. colomb. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2020, vol.35, suppl.2, pp.63-200.  Epub Aug 18, 2021. ISSN 0120-9957.


Crohn’s disease is an idiopathic inflammatory disorder of unknown origin, influenced by genetic, immunological, and environmental factors. The incidence and prevalence of Crohn’s disease have increased in Colombia. The treatment of these patients is not easy and has improved in recent years. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the Colombian Clinical Practice Guideline to guide the treatment of this complex disease and unify criteria.

Materials and methods:

The present guideline was carried out by a multidisciplinary team with support from the Asociación Colombiana de Gastroenterología, the Cochrane ITS Team, and the Clinical Research Institute of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Clinical questions regarding this disease were developed, and national and international guidelines were searched in specialized databases. The existing guidelines were evaluated in terms of quality and applicability. The Cochrane Group conducted a systematic search of the existing literature. Evidence tables were elaborated, and recommendations were made using the GRADE methodology.


An evidence-based clinical practice guideline was developed for the medical and surgical treatment of Crohn’s disease in the adult population in Colombia. Treatment algorithms were designed, taking into account the activity, behavior, and location of the disease.


It was established that proper clinical, endoscopic, and imaging assessment, as well as individual risk stratification, are important for treatment. Also, the indications for adequate medical and surgical treatment of these patients were specified.

Keywords : Crohn’s disease; behavior; extension; mucosal healing; biological therapy; perianal Crohn’s; postoperative Crohn’s.

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