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Medicas UIS

Print version ISSN 0121-0319

Abstract

MUNARES-GARCIA, Oscar. Biosocial, reproductive and obstetric characteristics associated with adequate result of delivery in Ica, Peru, 2013. Medicas UIS [online]. 2015, vol.28, n.3, pp.291-299. ISSN 0121-0319.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18273/revmed.v28n3-2015003.

Introduction: The make maternal health in hospitals, it has focused on delivery as a health problem, but it is necessary to study it as a normal process with incorporating best practices. Objective: Determine the social, reproductive and obstetric characteristics associated with adequate birth outcomes. Material and methods: Analytic cross-sectional study, in 338 births from the Hospital IV Augusto Hernandez EsSalud from Ica, Peru, between March and April 2013, which were divided into 174 with adequate of delivery result and 164 with inadequate result of delivery. Adequate result of delivery was considered a vaginal birth without perineal tears, with clear amniotic fluid and newborn with Apgar 7 to minute, gestational age between 37-41 weeks and birth weight between 2501-3999 grams. Descriptive statistics were applied, odds ratio (OR) with 95% and logistic regression for associations (aOR). Results: 78.4% of pregnant women had between 20-35 years, 51.6% had adequate result of delivery. Having aged between 20-35 years (aOR: 0.4 CI95% 0.2-0.7), secondary or higher education (aOR: 4.1 CI95% 1.2-13.8), prenatal care >4 (aOR: 2.9 CI95% 1.4-6.3) and have participated in sessions of obstetrical psycho (aOR: 1.7 CI95% 1.03-2.7) are associated with adequate result of delivery. Reproductive factors such as age at menarche <12 years and contraceptive use showed no association. Conclusions: About half of pregnant women have adequate results of delivery. Maternity care providers should incorporate age, secondary or higher education, prenatal care>4 and Psychoprophylactic as appropriate outcome about adequate result of delivery. MÉD UIS. 2015;28(3):291-9.

Keywords : Humanizing Delivery; Prenatal care; Delivery; Obstetric; Prenatal Education; Pregnancy.

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