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Medicas UIS

Print version ISSN 0121-0319On-line version ISSN 1794-5240


MORENO-CHAPARRO, Jaime et al. Occupational Diseases in School Teachers: A Systematic review. Medicas UIS [online]. 2023, vol.36, n.1, pp.35-51.  Epub Mar 10, 2023. ISSN 0121-0319.


Teaching is one of the main professions linked to the development of a society, and like any other labor it is exposed to different risk factors that can generate an occupational disease.


To identify and characterize the current literature on the main illnesses suffered by schoolteachers as a result of their work and/or working conditions.


Systematic review with search in the databases Academic Search Complete (EBSCOHOST), APA - PSYCNET, ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), MEDLINE (PubMed), SCOPUS and Open Grey. We performed independent paired selection under inclusion criteria and narrative analysis including generalities, disease information and outcomes in teachers.


Forty-seven studies were included, 25.5% of which were published in 2015, and Brazil was the country with the largest thematic contribution. Most of the studies grouped schoolteachers regardless of their cycle (primary, secondary and high school). The main illnesses identified were voice disorders 51.1%, musculoskeletal disorders 23.4% and psychosocial disorders 21.3%. In addition, it was found that at least 50% of the reports per country were related to voice disorders, with Brazil and India being the most representative.


The main occupational illnesses identified were related to voice, musculoskeletal and psychosocial disorders; these in turn are related to physical, safety, biomechanical and psychosocial risks in the school context.

Keywords : Risk Factors; Occupational diseases; Occupational Health; School teachers; Normativity; Systematic Review.

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