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Iatreia

Print version ISSN 0121-0793

Abstract

GARCIA BOTINA, Hernán David; CORDOBA RAMIREZ, Nathalia  and  BUILES BARRERA, Carlos Alfonso. Diagnosis and management of thyroid disorders during pregnancy: an approach to comprehensive care of mother and child. Iatreia [online]. 2013, vol.26, n.2, pp.172-184. ISSN 0121-0793.

Thyroid disorders are frequent in women of reproductive age. However, they are often overlooked because their manifestations may be confused with those of the hypermetabolic state that is characteristic of pregnancy. To the physiological changes that occur during pregnancy -cardiovascular, pulmonary, hematological, immunological, etc., it is necessary to add modifications in the thyroid axis that presents different situations during pregnancy; those variations make it difficult to correctly diagnose and treat pathological situations. Disorders of thyroid axis have negative consequences on both mother and fetus, among them: preeclampsia, abortion, premature delivery and disorders of the fetal central nervous system. Treatment must be oriented to counteract the effects of either increased or diminished thyroid function; for that purpose, differences concerning requirements and safety of medicines must be taken into account. Presently there is controversy concerning routine screening of pregnant women for thyroid disorders; so far, the available tests are usually performed only in high-risk women.

Keywords : Antithyroid Agents; Hypothyroidism; Hyperthyroidism; Thyrotropin Receptors; Thyroid Diseases; Thyroxine.

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