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Iatreia

Print version ISSN 0121-0793

Abstract

VILLEGAS-CASTANO, Aracelly  and  TAMAYO-ACEVEDO, Lucía Stella. Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections, and risk factor for sexual health of adolescents, Medellín, Colombia, 2013. Iatreia [online]. 2016, vol.29, n.1, pp.5-17. ISSN 0121-0793.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.iatreia.v29n1a11.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in a group of adolescents in Medellín, Colombia, and the most frequent risk factors for acquiring them. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study, between 2010 and 2013, in 569 students who had started sexual intercourse. A questionnaire was applied, and screening was done for the following infections: hepatitis B, syphilis, HIV, HPV, gonorrhea, Chlamydia trachomatis, bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis, and nongonococcal urethritis in men. Results: Women had the following frequencies of infections: HPV 28.1 %; Chlamydia trachomatis 11.4 %; bacterial vaginosis 42.7 %; candidiasis 14.1 %. Nongonococcal urethritis was found in 6.2 % of men. Hepatitis B, syphilis, HIV, and gonococcal infections were not found. The most frequent risk factors were as follows: to have started sexual relations before the age of 15 (59.9 %); not to use condom (58.2 %); not to have utilized condom in the last sexual intercourse (41.7 %); to lack adequate knowledge on sexual health (39.1 %); to have had three or more sexual partners (30.6 %); to have had sexual partners 10 or more years older than themselves (20.4 %), and to have sexual relations with persons different from the formal partner (18.8 %). Conclusions: The high prevalence of STIs in teenagers that are just starting sexual life must be an alert to implement high impact sexual health programs.

Keywords : Adolescents; Chlamydia Trachomatis; Risk Factors; Sexual Behavior; Sexually Transmitted Diseases; VPH.

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