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Iatreia

Print version ISSN 0121-0793

Abstract

ESTRADA-MESA, Diego Alejandro; MUNOZ-ECHAVARRIA, Andrea Estephany  and  CARDONA-ARIAS, Jaiberth Antonio. Social representations of the body in medical students, Medellín, 2014. Iatreia [online]. 2016, vol.29, n.1, pp.39-50. ISSN 0121-0793.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.iatreia.v29n1a04.

Introduction: Philosophical and socio-anthropological discourses about the body have not been of interest in medical formation. Objective: To understand the social representations of the body in medical students, Medellin, 2014. Methods: Ethnography with 11 students selected by theoretical sampling. Social representations were studied with the procedural approach. Methodological rigor criteria of credibility, auditability and transferability were applied. Results: Three analytical categories were analyzed: 1) conceptions of the body which included the subcategories ''biological'' and ''symbolic'' dimensions of the body''; 2) importance of the body described from the subcategories ''body as medium and object'' and ''body as definition of Ego''; 3) care of the body with three subcategories: ''importance of self-care'', ''the body of the other'', ''self-care practices''. Conclusion: The organismic conception of the body reveals how medical students understand the other from strictly biological principles; epistemologically it is evident that students are Cartesian vectors lacking historical awareness about the representations of the body; politically and socially the group is aligned with neoliberal rationalities that vindicate marketization, modernization and individuation of the body.

Keywords : Body; Social Group; Social Perception; Students; Medical.

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