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Iatreia

Print version ISSN 0121-0793

Abstract

ZULUAGA GOMEZ, Mateo  and  VANEGAS ISAZA, Daniel. Chikungunya virus in Colombia: Clinical and epidemiological aspects, and literature review. Iatreia [online]. 2016, vol.29, n.1, pp.65-74. ISSN 0121-0793.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.iatreia.v29n1a06.

In recent years, with the movement of populations and with globalization, some infections and diseases have changed from endemic to epidemic in certain regions. Such is the case of chikungunya virus (CHIKV), a re-emerging arbovirus that has triggered global alarm. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), until January 2015, there had been case reports from 42 countries in the Caribbean, and Central, South, and North America, with more than one million suspected cases and about thirty thousand laboratory-confirmed cases. The latest report in Colombia by Instituto Nacional de Salud refers to a total of 231.392 clinically confirmed cases (suggestive symptoms associated with CHIKV), 1.528 cases confirmed by laboratory, and 3.848 suspected cases, for an overall total of 236.768. In this review, the following aspects of CHIKV infection are included: virology, transmission by vector, pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, preventive measures and future prospects.

Keywords : Alphavirus; Aedes; Alphavirus; Chikungunya Virus; Dengue.

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