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Iatreia

Print version ISSN 0121-0793

Abstract

PIZZA-RESTREPO, María Juliana et al. Mortality and blood pressure in emergency patients with traumatic brain injury: a retrospective cohort study. Iatreia [online]. 2016, vol.29, n.4, pp.407-414. ISSN 0121-0793.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.iatreia.v29n4a02.

Introduction:

Blood pressure is of special relevance in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) at admission to emergency services, since it is the basis of cerebral perfusion pressure. The purpose of this research was to estimate the association between blood pressure values measured on admission and hospital mortality in patients with TBI.

Methods:

Retrospective cohort study in patients older than 18 years admitted with TBI to Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, in Medellín (Colombia) between January 2012 and January 2014. A multivariate logistic regression model was performed to estimate the independent effect of blood pressure values on mortality.

Results:

582 patients with a median age of 36 years (IQR = 25-59) 77.1 % of them males (n = 449) were evaluated. Mortality according to categories of systolic blood pressure at admission (<100, 100-150 and >150 mmHg) was as follows: 34.6 % (18/52), 13.3 % (56/421) and 29.4 % (32/109), respectively. Univariate analysis showed that blood pressure less than 100 or greater than 150 mm Hg were associated with hospital mortality, but that association lost magnitude and statistical significance

(OR = 1.81; 95 % CI = 0.94-3.48 and OR = 1.91; 95 % CI = 0.86-4.54, respectively) after adjustment by Glasgow coma scale, oxygen saturation and cerebral edema.

Conclusions:

We did not demonstrate a statistically significant association between blood pressure values at admission to the emergency service and mortality in patients with TBI.

Keywords : Blood pressure; Comorbidities; Emergency; Intracranial pressure; Mortality; Traumatic brain injury.

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