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Iatreia

Print version ISSN 0121-0793

Abstract

VALENCIA-ARREDONDO, Marleny  and  YEPES-LOPEZ, Wilmar Arley. Prevalence of bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis, trichomoniasis, and associated factors in two hospitals of Apartadó and Rionegro - Antioquia, 2014. Iatreia [online]. 2018, vol.31, n.2, pp.133-144. ISSN 0121-0793.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.iatreia.v31n2a02.

Objective:

To determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis, trichomoniasis, and associated factors in women who use the cytology service of two hospitals in Apartadó and Rionegro in 2014.

Methodology:

Descriptive cross-sectional study. Data source: the cytology laboratory database of the School of Microbiology. Study population: 6447 samples from women who attended the cytology service in Apartadó hospital with 3,762 records and Rionegro hospital with 2,685 records. Absolute and relative frequencies with confidence intervals were calculated, the association between the independent variables that showed significant association with the microorganisms studied were explored, and then, entered in a multivariate binary logistic regression model. In all analyzes statistical significance level of 0.05 was accepted and data were stored and analyzed with SPSS 20,1®.

Results:

The prevalence of bacterial vaginosis was 29.9 %, candidiasis 10.7% and trichomoniasis 3.2 %. No significant differences between municipalities were observed nor statistically significant association with any of the risk factors studied.

Conclusions:

The behavior of BV, candida and trichomona were very similar to those reported in other researches and no difference was found between the studied municipalities, despite the differences in socioeconomic and cultural contexts.

Keywords : Bacterial Vaginosis; Colombia; Prevalence; Trichomonas; Vaginal Infections; Vaginal Cytology; Vulvovaginal Candidiasi.

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