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NIETO-RIOS, John Fredy et al. Successful treatment of microscopic polyangiitis with severe compromise of central nervous system and renal in a very elderly patient. Iatreia [online]. 2018, vol.31, n.3, pp.300-304. ISSN 0121-0793.

The neurological involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) in vasculitis associated with ANCAS is rare and potentially catastrophic. The standard treatment is cyclophosphamide with pulses of steroids; however, this scheme has no strong evidence for central nervous system involvement and is not free of serious adverse effects especially in the elderly population. In recent year’s rituximab has appeared as an alternative therapy to cyclophosphamide to induce remission in this type of vasculitis, however its use with severe neurological involvement has also been anecdotal.

We present the case of 84-year-old patient who presented a microscopic polyangiitis with severe neurological and renal involvement, treated with rituximab with a favorable evolution in reaching remission of the disease.

Keywords : Glomerulonephritis; Microscopic Polyangiitis; Rituximab; Vasculitis of the Central Nervous System.

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