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CASTELLANOS-GARZON, Jenniffer Alejandra; FALLA-ZUNIGA, Luis Felipe; SALAZAR, Liliana  and  PUSTOVRH-RAMOS, María Carolina. Anisakis and Anisakiasis: General aspects and current situation in Colombia. Iatreia [online]. 2020, vol.33, n.2, pp.143-154. ISSN 0121-0793.

Anisakidosis is a parasitic disease derived from the consumption of infective larvae from Anisakidae family. In Europe and Asia is a public health problem, however, in Colombia and South American countries is little known. The objective is to review Anikids general aspects and find out about the current situation of this disease in Colombia. Search of MeSH and DeCS terms, through MEDLINE, Cochrane, Embase, and Scopus databases, complemented with grey literature from SciELO and Google Scholar, was made. One case report and six host records were included. Records of fish for human consumption from Pacific Ocean parasitized by Anisakis sp., Anisakis physeteris and Pseudoterranova decipiens are described, as well as for fish from Atlantic Ocean and inland waters with genera Pseudoterranova and Contracaecum. Anisakidosis represents a latent risk for Colombia; it is necessary to establish effective legislations for an efficient control of the emergence of this parasitic disease, as well as to educate people about needed precautions considering fish consumption.

Keywords : Anisakis; Colombia; Emerging Disease; Zoonoses.

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