Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud
versión impresa ISSN 0121-0807
FLOREZ, Mónica et al. Electrophoretic profile of salivary proteins of Triatoma dimidiata (Hemiptera: Reduviidae:Triatominae). Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2009, vol.41, n.2, pp. 121-127. ISSN 0121-0807.
Introduction: The triatomines (Heteroptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae) are hematophagous insects that secrete saliva rich in proteins with anticoagulant, antihistamine, vasodilator and platelet inhibitor properties, these facilitate its alimentary process on the vertebrate host and facilitate transmission of the protozoa carried in the salivary glands of the triatomines. Such proteins are characteristic of each triatomine species and might help differentiate species, including those phenotypically similar. Objective: Describe electrophoretic profiles of salivary proteins of Triatoma dimidiata found inside, around and outside residences in an endemic area of Santander. Materials and methods: Salivary glands from adult insects of T. dimidiata from laboratory colonies and field from three municipalities of Santander were dissected. The protein profiles were viewed in a unidimensional electrophoresis of poliacrilamida gels taken with coomassie blue. Results: The electrophoretic profiles of proteins present in saliva of T. dimidiata showed up to 33 bands in the range of 23.7 to 228.8 kDa, with a high concentration in the region 41 to 99.7 kDa. The index of polymorphism to T. dimidiata was 0.9646. Conclusion: The electrophorectic profile of salivary protein of T. dimidiata showed a complex composition, where the most prominent bands have molecular weights lower than 45 KDa. No grouping could be established based on geographical regions and capture places, in spite of the great intraespecific variability observed. However, clear differences between T. dimidiata and the external group were established. Salud UIS 2009; 41: 121-127.
Palabras llave : Triatoma dimidiata; protein; electrophoresis; salivary.