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Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud

Print version ISSN 0121-0807

Abstract

MESA, Carol V. et al. The susceptibility to infection by Leishmania panamensis and the sensitivity to drugs differ according to the macrophage type. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2010, vol.42, n.3, pp.200-211. ISSN 0121-0807.

Introduction: In vitro systems are useful in the evaluation of compounds with biological activity determining the cytotoxic and leishmanicidal activity of the candidates. Objective: To identify the mammalian cell that allows the optimal in vitro infection by Leishmania and therefore, identify the suitable system for the in vitro evaluation of leishmanicidal activity of drugs. Methodology: The susceptibility to the infection by L. panamensis was evaluated according to the Infective Concentration 50 tested by light microscopy and flow citometry; the intracellular survival of amastigotes was determined by fluorescence microscopy and the sensitivity to amphotericine B and meglumine antimoniate was evaluated by spectrophotometry. Results: The primary culture cells were more susceptible to the in vitro infection by L. panamensis because they did require fewer parasites per cell ratio to achieve the 50% infection rate whereas the intracellular survival of parasites was better in the U-937 cells. All cells showed differential sensitivity to amphotericine B and meglumine antimoniate. Conclusion: The U-937 cells are the most suitable model for the in vitro infection by L. panamensis because: a) they are a cell line with unlimited growth where transformation into macrophages can be induced. b) The susceptibility to infection by L. panamensis is similar to that observed in primary cultures macrophages and, c) They allow the intracellular survival of amastigotes after the infection process. In addition the U-937 cells are less sensitive to the action of the commonly drugs used as a control in the screening of compounds with leishmanicidal activity. Salud UIS 2010; 42: 200-211

Keywords : Susceptibility to infection by Leishmania; U-937 cells; THP-1 cells; Vero cells; J774A.1 cells; macrophages.

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