Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud
versión impresa ISSN 0121-0807
BOTERO-ROSAS, Daniel A. et al. A new methodology by testing the autonomic system activity in hypertensive individuals. Rev. Univ. Ind. Santander. Salud [online]. 2010, vol.42, n.3, pp. 240-247. ISSN 0121-0807.
Introduction and objective: Currently the Autonomous Nervous System has been considered as an important factor in the genesis and the development of Arterial Systemic Hypertension. Because of that, aimed to study the Autonomous Nervous Sistem in this pathology through a new methodology which uses heart rate. Methodology: 45 subjects were selected (12 hypertensive and 31 healthy) to check the arterial pressure and heart rate beat by beat (2.5 min in rest and 2.5 min after the orthostatism) spurious values were retired from temporal series for interpolation because the lack of heart rate periodicity. Then, sub sampling in 10Hz was realized and a filter that respect the heart rate was applied. Spectral analysis in the temporal series was realized by posterior median and quartile estimation. Finally, hypothesis test with Wilcoxon rank sum test to check statistical differences between groups was performed. Results: The medians of the percentage powers by the high frequencies, pre and post maneuver, in healthy individuals were a few inferior but not with statistical significance when are compared with hypertensive individuals (healthy:42.69 and 32.39; hypertensive:46.91 and 33.99). On the other hand, the same estimator by the low frequencies was a few superior in healthy individuals (healthy: 57.30 and 67.60; hypertensive: 53.09 and 66). Additionally, the difference in the autonomic response between hypertensive individuals was not significative (p>0.01) meanwhile in healthy individuals do. Conclusions: The methodology had demonstrated potential to identify autonomic disfunction in hypertensive. Also, it confirms a lower sympathetic activation in hypertensive individuals when the orthostatic maneuver is done. Salud UIS 2010; 42: 240-247
Palabras llave : Baroreceptors; arterial systemic hypertension; autonomic nervous system; electrophysiology.